Thursday, December 12, 2019

Floods in India free essay sample

Floods are caused by weather phenomena and events that deliver more precipitation to a drainage basin than can be readily absorbed or stored within the basin. Acre-foot. Volume of water required to cover 1 acre of land (43,560 square feet) to a depth of 1 foot; equivalent to 325,851 gallons. Cubic feet per second (ft? /s). A unit of measurement expressing rates of  discharge. One cubic foot per second is equal to thedischarge  of a stream of rectangular cross section, 1 foot wide and 1 foot deep, flowing water an average velocity of 1 foot per second. Equivalent to 448. 8 gallons per minute. Discharge. Rate of flowa volume of fluid passing a point per unit time, commonly expressed in  cubic feet per second, million gallons per day, or gallons per minute. Drainage basin. A part of the surface of the Earth that is occupied by a drainage system, which consists of a surface stream or a body of impounded  surface water  together with all tributary surface streams and bodies of impounded  surface water. We will write a custom essay sample on Floods in India or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Land area drained by a stream or river. Flash flood.The result of heavy or excessive amounts of rainfall within a short period of time, usually less than 6 hours, causing water to rise and fall quite rapidly. Flood. An overflow or inundation that comes from a river or other body of water and causes or threatens damage. Any relatively high  streamflow  overtopping the natural or artificial banks in any reach of a stream. Flood frequency. Refers to a flood level that has a specified percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year. For example, a 100-year flood occurs  on average  once every 100 years and thus has a 1-percent chance of occurring in a given year.Flood plain. A strip of relatively flat-lying land that borders a stream and is underlain by sediment carried by the stream and dropped in the slack water beyond the influence of the swiftest current. Flood stage. The  stage  at which overflow of the natural  streambanks  begins to cause damage in the reach in which the elevation is measured. Flood stages for each USGS gaging station are usually provided by the National Weather Service. Gage datum. An arbitrary datum plane that is established for a particular gaging station to which water-surface elevations can be compared.Gage height. See  Stage. Gaging station. A site on a stream, canal, lake, or reservoir where systematic observations of gage height or waterdischarge  are obtained by a gage, recorder, or similar equipment. Peak stage. The maximum height of a water surface above an established datum. Same as peak gage height. Precipitation. Rain, snow, hail, or sleet. Real-time data. Data collected by automated instrumentation and telemetered and analyzed quickly enough to influence a decision that affects the monitoring system. Recurrence interval.The average interval of time within which the magnitude of a given event, such as a flood, will be equaled or exceeded one time. Stage. The height of a water surface above an established datum. Used interchangeably with gage height. Streambank. The margins of a stream channel. Banks are called right and left as viewed facing the direction of flow. Streamflow. The discharge or flow that occurs in a natural channel. Although the term discharge can be applied to the flow of a canal, the word streamflow uniquely describes the discharge in a surface stream course. Surface runoff.That part of the runoff that travels over the soil surface to the nearest stream channel. It also is defined as that part of the runoff of a drainage basin that has not passed beneath the surface following precipitation. Surface water. Water on the surface of the Earth. Water year. The water year deals with the surface-water supply for a 12-month period, October 1 through September 30. The water year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends and which includes 9 out of the 12 months. Thus, the year ending September 30, 1999, is called the 1999 water year. NOTE:  Some definitions were excerpted from other sources. Terms 1. Current and historic stream water levels are reported as stage above a gage datum or as water-surface elevation above sea level. which is the addition of the stage to the gage datum.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, 1564

Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, 1564-1606 Essay Romeo and Juliet is one of the best-known and most famous plays by William Shakespeare, who himself is probably still Britains best-known producer of literature, seem from a world point of view. It is one of what I suppose that I would call his Italian Plays. These are a group which are set, more or less, as far as I can see, in what we now call Italy, but which then I think was a group of little city-states or tiny little nations, each centred on a town or city such as Venice (the Merchant of Venice is an example.) It describes the climate of fear, custom and emotion surrounding a bitter battle or feud between two warring families in the City of Verona, about the time that Shakespeare would have been writing it say in about the early 1590s. The play is centred on the sudden and eep love of one young member of one family for one of the other. Shakespeare used a variety of scources for his dramas. The story of Romeo Juliet was by all accounts taken from the poem, The trajical history of Romeus Juliet written by Aurther Brooke (1562). The story has earlier origins. Brooke drew on the novella Rhomeo Julietta by Boesteau, who, in turn had borrowed the main incidents from a story by Luigi da Porto, of vicenza (1535), called La Guillietta. The main diffrences beetween Shakespeares version of the story and that Brooke is in their purposes. Brookes poem warns young people of the dangers of physical attraction, whilst, I thinkn that Shakespeare was more interested in considering the nature of true love. Since the basic story was doubtless familiar to his audience, Shakespeares achievement lay in producing an interesting variation on the theme with fresh characters and a new slant which promoted the legitimy of forbidden love. The play was published from Quarto in 1597 so it is safe to assume it may have been written a couple of years or so earlier, during the first stage of his carrer. Shakespeare and his company were provoked into publioshing their own genuine versions of the play, known of the good Quartos (1599). Even so, these were quite imperfect copies and the defenitive version of the texts was not produced until after Shakespeares death, the First Folio in 1623. If the dating is correct, this play, with its range of characters and poetry, must be reckoned his first great one. It is however, unusual in that it is a trajedy, for the bulk of his writing in the early years was comedies and histories. At this time in his life, it may be, though, that he was deeply affected by the death of his son at the age of 11, and that his writings at this time and afterwards were never as humorous or comical as they had been before. As this is also a lter play, he shows more skill in dramatisation which would of course come with age and practice. Them term tragedy derives from the Greek term meaning goat-song. This unlikely form of a choral offering is rather obscure. It may be that a goat was the prize of a winning play. Whaqtever the truth of that, the main influence on European ideas of a tragedy was Aristotles Poetics, a critique of Greek drama of the 5th century BC; which identified these following ingredients: * The tragic hero should be of high, but not perfect, worth or standing. Romeo, of course, is just that. Hes basically honset and forthright, even though driven to extremes of emotion and action by his love for Juliet. .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e , .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .postImageUrl , .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e , .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e:hover , .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e:visited , .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e:active { border:0!important; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e:active , .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ufe62cf5ffbf02247710c0ceb3f7a119e:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Iago Analysis Essay* A tragic flaw, weakness or exessive of arrogant ambition leads to downfall. This is of course evident in the character of Romeo, who falls in love and persists in his attentions to Juleit in spite of the dangers and risks that mgiht put off someone less obsessive. * The effect of this, the catastrophe, on the spectators is the cleansing of the emotions of pity and terror through what they have witnessed.This was supposed to be an important part of going to watch a tragic play, in a psychological sense, and was regarded by the ancient Greeks as a good reason in itself for being a spectator of a theatrical tragedy. In a wider sense, the play may be veiwed asn a dramatic reprisentation of the perpetual conflict beetween love and hatred which enmeshes a pair of unfortunate lovers. There is, however, another reason that makes the choice of Italy as the setting for the play even more likely. The so-called University wits, among whom Marlowe, Greene, Nashe and Peele were the most prominent, made significant contributions to the English stage in the 1580s and the 1590s. They Drew on popular cultures and on European theatres, often using plays that were translations from Dutch or French. Shakespeare too looked to the continent for inspiration. Sixteenth century comedies were high-spirited. They nenjoyed the intruige, particularry in the context of city life. In such respects, Romeo and Juliet is a typical example of the European comic tradition.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Steriods Informative Speech free essay sample

Today I would like to enlighten the class on what I’ve learned about Anabolic Steroids and the causes it has on our body. Introduction Attention material: According to Do Something. Org, Science Daily quotes that â€Å"A recent study found that 57%of high school steroid users said that they would risk shortening their life for increased performance†. Also according to Science Daily, Oregon Health amp; Science University states In 2003, seventh-grade girls were the fastest-growing group of steroid users, with more than seven percent using them. † The growth of steroids has been increasing to an extreme rate and we need to do something to decrease these numbers. Thesis Statement: Today I would like to enlighten the class on what I’ve learned about Anabolic Steroids and the causes it has on our body. Preview: First we will explain the history of steroids, second, how they are admitted in the body, and third, the overall effects of steroids in the human body. We will write a custom essay sample on Steriods Informative Speech or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Transitions: After hearing some surprising facts, we are going to go in depth to learn the history on how steroids began. Body I. The history of steroids can be traced from Ancient Greece but the true Steroid that is used to day was created in 1931. A. Ancient Greece was known to have used the first type of steroids back in the original Olympic games, which was to eat raw animal testicles. Although that might sounds gross and disgusting, technically it would be distinguished as Sports Doping in modern terms states. (Steroids. om/History-of-Steroids. php) B. When man truly wanted to create a performance enhancement, The Association Against Steroid Abuse states, â€Å"The 1930’s a German chemist, Adolf Butenandt started the manufacturing of testosterone marked the invention of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), as we know them today. † C. According to A. A. S. A, after the development of the anabolic steroids, the first official use for Anabolic Steroids â€Å"adapted a variety of purposes including the increase of aggression in Nazi soldiers to elite-levels athletes in 1950’s. Transitions: Now that we know about the history on steroids and where it began, lets transfer to how steroids are admitted into the body. II. There are numerous ways to take steroids such as the basic injection, orally and more complicated ways. A. The most common way steroids are admitted is through Intramuscular Injection. According to steroidabuse. com, Intramuscular Injection is â€Å"deep within the muscle, typically the buttocks† B. The next form of administration is Oral Administration. These are â€Å"available in tablet, capsule and liquid†¦requires an alteration to base molecule in order to survive passing through the liver. † (A. A. S. A) C. Another form of taking steroids is through Transdermal Administration. These steroids are available in creams, gels or patches. According to Steroids 101, â€Å"They are rubbed on directly as one would apply a lotion. This type of administration is generally used during hormone replacement therapy as it provides the most constant rate of release into bloodstream. † D. The last way of admitting steroids through your body is through Subcutaneous Injection. Association against steroid abuse describes it as â€Å"Human Growth Hormone and other related compounds being applied by injection under the skin. This requires pulling the skin away from the muscle and injecting in the pocket of air that is formed† Transitions: Since we now know the ways to take steroids, lets finally focus on the effects of steroids. III. The effects of steroids are quite common with every single user; they can differ though from men to women, both good and bad. A. According to Fitness For World, the positive effects steroids have in people is that after â€Å"a knee or shoulder injury, steroids are used in small quantities by physicians for treating some types of Anemia†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Another explain on why steroids are helpful is that it fights against AIDS. According to an article titled Effects of Steroids, it states that â€Å"It helps a person to gain weight for chronic nutritional deficiencies or AIDS wasting syndrome. B. With the use of Steroids for men, the effects can be quite scary. WebMD. om states â€Å"Men who take anabolic steroids may: Develop breasts, Get painful erections, Have their testicles shrink, and have decreased sperm count. C. According to Daniel J. DeNoon, A WebMD Health News writer, he states for woman the effects are â€Å" Growing excessive face and body hair, Have their voices deepen, Experience menstrual irregularities, and have reduced breast size. D. Common side effects for woman and men as stated in the article Health Effects of Steroids â€Å" For both sexes†¦Kidney stress/damage, High blood pressure, Hair loss, Cardiovascular diseases, Acne, Enlarged heart, and Tendon amp; ligament injuries. Conclusion Summary Statement: In short we now know the history behind steroids; the different types admissions of these drugs into the body, and the pros and cons of this drug both through men and woman. Concluding Remarks: Ultimately, you know that steroids are very attainable for men and women, young and old. So the next time you hear about an athlete getting kicked out of a sport because they were taking steroids, you know why. With all the information I have provided in this informative speech we have all learned a little more knowledge about steroids.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

French Revolution of 1789 - Timeline

French Revolution of 1789 - Timeline Our narrative history for this period begins here. 1789 January January 24: The Estates General is officially summoned; election details go out. Crucially, no one is really sure how it should be formed, leading to an argument over voting powers. January - May: The Third Estate politicises as cahiers are drawn up, political clubs form and discussion takes place both verbally and through pamphleteering. The middle class believe they have a voice and intend to use it. February February: Sieyes publishes What is the Third Estate? February - June: Elections to the Estates General. May May 5: The Estates General opens. There is still no decision on voting rights, and the third estate believe they should have more of a say. May 6: The Third Estate refuses to meet or verify their election as a separate chamber. June June 10: The Third Estate, now frequently called the Commons, gives an ultimatum to the other estates: join in a common verification or the Commons would go on alone. June 13: A few members of the First Estate (priests and clergy) join the Third. June 17: The National Assembly is proclaimed by the former Third Estate. June 20: The Tennis Court Oath taken; with the National Assemblys meeting place closed in preparation for a Royal Session, the deputies meet at a tennis court and swear not to disband until a constitution is established. June 23: The Royal Session opens; the King initially tells the estates to meet separately and introduces reforms; the deputies of the National Assembly ignore him. June 25: Members of the Second Estate begin to join the National Assembly. June 27: The king gives in and orders the three estates to unite as one; troops are called to the Paris area. Suddenly, there has been a constitutional revolution in France. Things would not stop here. July July 11: Necker is dismissed. July 12: Revolt begins in Paris, caused in part by Neckers dismissal and the fear of royal troops. July 14: The storming of the Bastille. Now the people of Paris, or the mob if you prefer, will start to direct the revolution and violence will result. July 15: Unable to rely on his army, the King gives in and orders troops to leave the Paris area. Louis does not want a civil war, when that might be all that would save his old powers. July 16: Necker is recalled. July - August: The Great Fear; mass panic across France as people fear a noble led backlash against their anti-feudal demonstrations. August August 4: Feudalism and privileges are abolished by the National Assembly in perhaps the most remarkable evening in Europes modern history. August 26: Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen published. September September 11: The King is granted a suspensive veto. October October 5-6: Journee of 5-6 October: the King and the National Assembly move to Paris at the behest of a Parisian mob. November November 2: Church property is nationalised. December December 12: Assignats are created. 1790 February February 13: Monastic vows banned. February 26: France divided into 83 departments. April April 17: Assignats accepted as currency. May May 21: Paris is divided into sections. June June 19: Nobility is abolished. July July 12: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy, a complete restructuring of the church in France. July 14: Feast of the Federation, a celebration to mark one year since the fall of the Bastille. August August 16: Parlements are abolished and the judiciary reorganised. September September 4: Necker resigns. November November 27: The Oath of the Clergy passed; all ecclesiastical office holders must swear an oath to the constitution. 1791 January January 4: Last date for clergy to have sworn the oath; over half refuse. April April 2: Mirabeau dies. April 13: The Pope condemns the Civil Constitution. April 18: The King is prevented from leaving Paris to spend Easter at Saint-Cloud. May May: Avignon is occupied by French forces. May 16: Self-Denying Decree: National Assembly deputies cannot be elected to the Legislative Assembly. June June 14: Le Chapelier Law stopping workers associations and strikes. June 20: Flight to Varennes; the King and Queen attempt to flee France but only get as far as Varennes. June 24: Cordelier organises a petition stating that liberty and royalty cannot co-exist. July 16: The Constituent Assembly declares that the king was the victim of an abduction plot. July 17: Massacre at the Champs de Mars, when National Guard open fire on republican demonstrators. August August 14: Slave rebellion begins in Saint-Domingue. August 27: Declaration of Pillnitz: Austria and Prussia threaten to take action in support of the French king. September September 13: The King accepts the new constitution. September 14: King swears the oath of allegiance to the new constitution. September 30: The National Assembly is dissolved. October October 1: The Legislative Assembly convenes. October 20: Brissots first calls for war against the à ©migrà ©s. November November 9: Decree against the à ©migrà ©s; if they do not return they will be considered traitors. November 12: The King vetoes the à ©migrà ©s decree. November 29: Decree against refractory priests; they will be considered suspects unless they take a civic oath. December December 14: Louis XVI requests the Elector of Trier disperse à ©migrà ©s or face military action. December 19: The King vetoes the decree against refractory priests. Back to Index Page 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Anthropology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 5

Anthropology - Essay Example The first theory of a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska has been around for awhile. If an individual places a map of the world on a table, the continents look like they can fit together. The earth’s crust and upper mantle have plates. These plates slide and move. The moving of these plates cause earthquakes and tsunamis. It also causes land to break apart. Another factor is the ice age. When the great meltdown occurred a land bridge could have been submerged. This land bridge, Beringia, would have connected Siberia and Alaska. If that connection was made, then it is possible that the Native Americans migrated from Siberia. After reaching North America the Native Americas would have migrated south. Another theory is the coastal migration. The Native Americans would have sailed in canoes from Siberia to Alaska. Then the Native Americans would have migrated south to South America. Both continents would be populated before Columbus arrived. This theory would depend on the migrants knowing about the route. The passage would have to be during the summer, or when ice chunks were not present. This is the least likely of the scenarios. The final scenario is migrants came across the giant ice sheet. If an ice age was in full force, migrants might go south for a warmer climate. The trail would have gone toward westward and southward. If the ice shelves were as scientist think, than the ice would have melted without a trace. All three theories depend on one same element†¦food. Prehistoric people hunted for food and warmth from the furs. If the herds of caribou, wooly mammoth, or whatever was around at the time left, the hunter would have gone to search for prey. In the northern parts of Siberia planting a garden to provide for food year round is not an option. The hunters would have had to follow the food. As the animals’ natural instinct led them south, the hunters would have followed. Not only would the hunters

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Visual art exhibition in Hong Kong Research Proposal

Visual art exhibition in Hong Kong - Research Proposal Example The essay "Visual art exhibition in Hong Kong" discovers the Hong Kong's visual art exhibition. The Hong Kong government has recognized the significance of mega events in developing the tourism sector. It has established the Mega Events Fund (MEF) to host major arts, sports, and cultural events in the country. A three-dimensional painting visual art exhibition, as a mega event, can obtain better return on investment if it is launched in compliance with cultural and economic policies of the country. The expo should take advantages of advanced internet based technologies to provide a great watching experience to the audience. Above all, the event management team must ensure the strong cooperation of the Hong Kong government and global as well as national media to promote the event effectively. The planned expo, a three-dimensional painting visual art exhibition in Hong Kong, falls under the category of a mega event. The term mega event is used to describe high profile worldwide events like Olympic Games, FIFA World Cup, and expos. Although the term mega event has not been well defined, a big event is clearly distinct from a mega event. The number of participants is not only the criterion used to recognize a mega event. According to a study conducted by Harry H. Hiller, â€Å"a mega event is first of all of fixed duration and on a short term basis. The event has a high profile, there is a worldwide interest linked to the event and there is a sustainable and measurable economic outcome†.

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Leadership styles, behaviors and relevant situational factors. Maple Assignment

Leadership styles, behaviors and relevant situational factors. Maple Leaf Food - Assignment Example Maple Leaf Foods (stock market symbol TSX:MFI) is one of Canada’s major food processing companies. As its chief executive officer, McCain holds the strings that control the subordinates. With the strings, Michael McCain can instruct the employees to give their best to produce high quality products to the company’s current and prospective clients. Michael McCain is new in the company. Formerly, Michael McCain was one of the owners of the very popular McCain food products company, which is located in the heart of Canada. Consequently, Michael McCain brings with him many years of experience as one of the managers of his former family-owned company. His former company is also engage in the food processing business. 2. Description of leader’s context (main constituents and the various situation forces at play) Michael McCain heads the company that sells food products to the Canadian public. The company’s original name is Canada Packers. It was Canada’s producer of the biggest volume of food products. The company’s major food product is grounded on hogs. The company ships hog-based products to the United Kingdom. The company also sells cheese products. The company ventures into hog and poultry based food business products. Robert Kelley (1988) 2insists that all corporations sometimes succeed or fail, compete or crumble, on the basis of how they are being management, in the case of McCain, the subordinates can sit back, relax, and enjoy the leadership of McCain as he steers the Maple Leaf Management outside the August 2008 food poisoning crisis smoothly and effortlessly. In 2008, the company ordered the recall of many of its tainted products. The tainted products came from one of its food processing plants. Consequently, Maple Leaf Management ordered the closure of its c ulprit plant. The closure was necessary to bring back the company’s tarnished image. With the announcement of the guilty plant facility, Maple Leaf Management sought to retrieve its former glory of being the producer of one of the most popular and high selling food processing plants in Canada. On that fateful August 24, 2008 date, Maple Leaf Management ordered the closure of its failed Toronto, Canada Plant. The spoiled Maple Leaf Management products cause the deaths of five individuals. In addition more than 24 individuals were treated for eating the spoiled food. Because of the spoiled food consequences, the Government of Canada issued warnings to the public to temporarily avoid buying some of the Maple Leaf Management products. The warning was in place until the cloud of spoilage hovering over the skies of Canada’s communities, is resolved. The Canadian government agency, Public Health Agency of Canada, emphasized that the bacteria, Listeria strain, was the culprit. Many of the customers of Maple Leaf Management either died or were hospitalized for food poisoning in August of 2008. In response to the August 2008 bacteria outbreak where four persons died and many others suffered from food poisoning, Maple Leaf Management ordered the recall of all its products. The move is a good marketing strategy. The marketing strategy was to prioritize the safety of its current and prospective clients, the food customers. The outbreak was called Listeriosis.